➻ Albert Mathiez [1874-1932]

por Teoría de la historia

0106-180x270-bccbm-thumb3French historian and educator. Born in Franche Comté into a modest peasant family, he nonetheless received an excellent education. Three years spent at the École Normale Supérieure (1894-1897) prepared him well for the teaching profession. By 1904 he had completed his doctoral dissertation, which carefully examined two revolutionary cults. Professor first at the University of Dijon, and then at the University of Besançon. Mathiez in 1926 became a lecturer at the Sorbonne. He sought but never attained the chair of the history of the French Revolution long held by his rival Alphonse Aulard. He died of a stroke while teaching a class. Mathiez made extensive use of archival documents in producing his numerous publications. Initially he studied the political and religious achievements of the Revolution and, after the First World War, its economic and social consequences. A Socialist, and during the early 1920s a Communist, he infused his work with a strong Marxist interpretation. Most of his career was devoted to defending Maximilien Robespierre, whose personal integrity and democratic principles he greatly admired. By the volume of his writings and his forceful style, Mathiez exerted a profound influence over the study of the French revolutionary period.

[James FRIGUGLIETTI. “Albert Mathiez (1874-1932)”, in Daniel R. WOOLF (editor). A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing: A-J. New York & London: Garland Publishing, 1998, p. 605]