➻ Otto Hintze [1861-1940]

por Teoría de la historia

1.jpgOtto Hintze (1861-1940) was born in Pyrzyce (Pyritz), which was then in Germany but is now in Poland. In 1880, he moved to Berlin to study for a doctorate under the historian Julius Weizsäcker, writing a dissertation on medieval institutions which would later be published as Das Königtum Wilhelms von Holland (The Kingdom of William of Holland) . Ultimately he became Professor of Political, Constitutional, Administrative, and Economic History at the University of Berlin, though retired prematurely due to poor health. Under the supervision of Gustav von Schmoller, the leader of the “Younger” German Historical School of Economics which opposed axiomatic / deductive approaches to economics in favor of careful historically and geographically informed inductive study, Hintze was involved in editing the “Acta Borussica”, a collection of official documents detailing the history of the Electorate of Brandenburg and the Kingdom of Prussia that was published by the Prussian Archives. As historian of absolutism, Hintze argued that institutions related to the military and its finance were central in the creation of modern nation-states. In 1933, Hintze’s wife Hedwig, a historian in her own right, lost her position as a lecturer and fled first to France and then to the Netherlands to escape Nazi persecution for her leftist beliefs and Jewish background. Although a more conservative Prussian, Hintze himself did not publish after the Nazis came to power and subsequently resigned from the Prussian Academy of Sciences and from his post as co-editor of the Historische Zeitschrift over his wife’s treatment. For the last few years of his life, he was largely physically separated from his wife. In 1942, two years after his death, she committed suicide rather than be deported to a concentration camp. Several contemporary German historians believe Hintze to be the most significant historian of the German Empire and Weimar Republic.

[Andrew HEROD. Scale. New York: Routledge, 2011, p. 172]