✍ La alternativa eurocomunista. Una entrevista de Eric Hobsbawm con Giorgio Napolitano sobre el P.C.I. [1976]

por Teoría de la historia

[…] In this series of interviews with Professor Eric Hobsbawm, Giorgio Napolitano [1925] never once mentions the armed forces (not really a serious threat to Italian national security), the word ‘Eurocommunism’ had not even been coined then, but Napolitano has little need for such touchtones of moderation, and he takes it as understood that the Italian road to socialism is a democratic one. And he takes a wider view of the development of the democratic road to socialism. He refers […] to the Twentieth Congress of the CPSU and to subsequent events in Hungary and Czechoslovakia, but he places much greater emphasis on the Italian tradition, from Togliatti’s rejection of of the revolutionary hypothesis in 1944, to Gramsci’s letters and prison notebooks (first published in the early fifties) which stressed the importance of national cultural traditions in the development of socialism: and when he turns to other countries for example: it is to Chile that he turns. Carrillo never mentions Chile, but to Napolitano, the events of 1973 are of crucial importance, since it is through the PCI’s analysis of these events that Party secretary Berlinguer arrived at the notion of “compromesso storico”, a proposed alliance of the popular parties of Christian, socialist and communist inspiration […]

[W. BRIERLEY. “Eurocommunism”, in Journal of Area Studies, vol. I, nº 1, 1980, p. 43]